illustration of a blue carHate Crime and Harassment

Hate crime is any hate incident which constitutes a criminal offence and is perceived, by the victim or any other person, as being motivated by prejudice or hate. It is a crime that is committed against a person or people because they belong to a certain group. That group will usually have certain identifiable characteristics, eg age, disability, ethnicity, gender, race, religion, sexuality.

A hate crime can take many forms, including threats or acts of violence, damage to property, and name calling.


Harassment is conduct directed at an individual by another which causes a victim to fear violence, or otherwise causes the victim to feel afraid, alarmed or distressed. Harassment is a personalised form of anti-social behaviour, specifically aimed at a particular individual.

Harassment may include any of the following:

  • abusive or insulting behaviour, written or verbal
  • domestic violence
  • violence or threats of violence
  • vandalism to property
  • arson or attempted arson
  • repeated and unfounded complaints against a tenant or family or group
  • action/activities intended to deter a person from occupying a particular property
  • abusive telephone calls
  • uninvited visits to someone's home
  • placing offensive materials near or in the victim's home.

Under the broader headings of hate crime and harassment, there are specific incidents and behaviours, including:

Racial incidents
Sexual harassment
Homophobia/Transphobia (behaviour that is offensive or hostile towards a personal who is lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender)
Religious incidents
Chronic conditions (eg HIV status)

Arch is working to stop hate crime in Newcastle

Report anti-social behaviour